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Advantages and disadvantages of egg production

The advantages and disadvantages of egg production - The demand for chicken eggs from time to time continues to increase, especially when approaching religious holidays.

Advantages and disadvantages of egg production

Before starting, do you know the advantages and disadvantages of laying hens? Cultivation of laying hens is a promising activity from the past until now and is worth trying.

This is partly because most of the food served on holidays in Indonesia, ranging from light to heavy meals, uses eggs as the basic ingredient.

Before starting the cultivation of laying hens, you should know in advance the advantages and disadvantages in order to minimize the losses from laying hens and get abundant profits.

Advantages of egg production

1. High Demand

Eggs have become a community need that cannot be abandoned and are included in the nine basic needs.

This has an impact on egg sales which are selling well every day. The opportunity for laying hens also promises big profits by relying on egg sales per day.

Moreover, the productivity of laying hens that produce eggs every day is very high.

2. Wide Market Share

The market share of chicken eggs is very wide, not only limited to requests from households.

Large, medium and small scale food industries also need chicken eggs as one of the raw materials for the industry they run.

The demand for chicken eggs in the food industry is definitely higher than households.

3. Economic Value of Dirt

The manure produced by cultivated laying hens contains economic value. Many parties use chicken manure to be used as fertilizer for their crops.

However, not a few also collect the chicken manure and then sell it to farmers who need organic fertilizer.

4. Long Egg Laying Period

Please note that the laying period of laying hens is very long, approximately 13-14 months (or in other words until the age of the chicken reaches approximately 20 months.

This type of chicken will experience a period of 1 egg laying period but in a very long and productive time, this is because there is no brooding process in laying hens so it will be much more profitable.

5. High Production

Not only the egg laying period is long, the number of eggs produced is also high. Chickens can produce about 250-280 eggs/year, with an egg weight of 50-60 g/year.

Read also : Raising chickens for eggs in your backyard

Disadvantages of egg production

Cultivation of laying hens in addition to having advantages also has some disadvantages.

Laying hens must pay attention to things that are lacking from laying hens so as not to have a bad impact on breeders who will or are carrying out laying hens cultivation activities.

The following are the disadvantages of laying hens to watch out for:

1. Laying hens are susceptible to disease

Laying hens are one type of poultry that has a low immune system.

If not treated or monitored regularly, laying hens will be susceptible to stress and disease so that in the end it will have an impact on laying hens that suddenly stop producing eggs or even lead to the death of the laying hens.

Laying hens, of course, as much as possible avoid the death of laying hens that are kept because they cause losses.

2. Feed and medicine for laying hens is expensive

In order to continue to produce eggs, laying hens must really pay attention to their health by being given good quality feed so they are not susceptible to disease.

The price of feed that is not cheap makes farmers have to rack their brains on how to get feed at a low price but still of good quality so that production costs or maintenance costs can be kept as low as possible.

3. Garbage Smells Bad

Cultivation of laying hens produces waste. Laying hens manure is in the form of livestock manure which has an unpleasant odor.

Often this waste causes problems for people who live around the location of the chicken coop because of its very strong aroma.

4. Prices of Eggs and Laying Chicken Feeds Tend to Fluctuate

Cultivation of laying hens does bring in income because the demand for eggs will not stop because eggs are needed by the community.

But unfortunately the price of eggs is not always stable from time to time. There are times when the demand for eggs is low, the price of eggs also drops dramatically.

This certainly brings losses for laying hens, especially small and medium scale farmers.

In addition to the price of eggs that tend to fluctuate, the price of laying hens also often fluctuates, especially at certain times, for example during the dry season.